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In the 16th century, the Mi'gmag met the first Europeans on the coast of the Gaspé Peninsula. Help from these fishers and navigators proved crucial for explorers and merchants. The Mi'gmaq share their history and strong identity through various locations and activities, such as salmon fishing. Music is at the heart of Mi'gmaq rituals, feasts, and cultural ceremonies.


Mi'gmag is an Algonquian language. Like many other Indigenous languages, the Mi' gmaq language is polysynthetic. Suffixes and prefixes agglutinate to make up complete sentences.


The Mi'gmaq language is considered endangered. Indeed, most Mi'gmaq people speak English or French. The number of Mi'gmaq speakers has been decreasing, and most speakers are elders. However, there is a growing number of young people who are learning the language. Efforts are currently underway in many communities to revitalize the language.

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